The term was coined in 1849 by the English Explorer A. H. in the book Cyclops Christianus. and in 1867 formally adopted at the Congress in Paris . The term is not exhaustive, so the definition of megaliths and megalithic structures are subject to the rather vague group of buildings. In particular, the megaliths called the hewn stones of large dimensions. including and is not used for the construction of tombs and monuments.
A separate group are megalithic structures, that is, the objects largely composed of megaliths. They are distributed worldwide. In Europe, for example, is the Stonehenge. facilities of Cretan-Mycenaean culture, or Egypt. In South America — Machu Picchu. Puma Punku. Ollantaitambo. Hacks. Sacsayhuaman. Of Tiwanaku .
Their common characteristic are blocks of stone weighing sometimes hundreds of tons. often transported from quarries located tens of kilometers sometimes with large differences in elevation relative to the site. The stones processed so that the junction between the blocks can not enter the shaving blade. Continue reading
Gothic – a style that became the hallmark of the middle Ages. She was not the only style of the era, but only the last and perhaps the most spectacular. Called Gothic monuments of architecture of XII, XIII, XIV and XV and partially XVI centuries, in which most fully reflected the medieval mood and least of all reveals the influence of Greek and Roman art. Fantastic embellished lace thread stone spikes flew up and bloomed the precious radiance of the stained glass Windows throughout Catholic Europe since the XII century. France, England, Germany, Spain, Czech Republic and even Italy, the birthplace of the Renaissance, voznikoveniia her. But the leading role in the history of Gothic art, the former, above all, art architects, played, however, was France, England and Germany. France is the birthplace of the Gothic. England chose its national style, constantly going back to her forms, transforming them, but not forgetting. Germany, the romantics, has got the honor to return Gothic art from the darkness of oblivion, to reveal its beauty. Continue reading
Legends about the underworld and changing perceptions of it over time
In the legends of different Nations are widely circulated story about the going underground lived on it of intelligent beings. This applies to the Nagas. Uralov, vievija and all the other amphibious serpent people; the rakshasas. hecatoncheires. of fomorians and other many-armed and shapeless creatures; Chud. apprentices, dwarfs and other dwarfs ; ādityas, the daityas, the danavas. The tribe of the goddess Danu /elves and other humanoid creatures. They descended into the ground during disasters, which often coincided with the defeat of their nation in the war and ended with the destruction of the old world. A variant of this story is a care of many of these creatures at sea, at sea and in the depths of the sea ( read on. Continue reading