The term was coined in 1849 by the English Explorer A. H. in the book Cyclops Christianus. and in 1867 formally adopted at the Congress in Paris . The term is not exhaustive, so the definition of megaliths and megalithic structures are subject to the rather vague group of buildings. In particular, the megaliths called the hewn stones of large dimensions. including and is not used for the construction of tombs and monuments.
A separate group are megalithic structures, that is, the objects largely composed of megaliths. They are distributed worldwide. In Europe, for example, is the Stonehenge. facilities of Cretan-Mycenaean culture, or Egypt. In South America — Machu Picchu. Puma Punku. Ollantaitambo. Hacks. Sacsayhuaman. Of Tiwanaku .
Their common characteristic are blocks of stone weighing sometimes hundreds of tons. often transported from quarries located tens of kilometers sometimes with large differences in elevation relative to the site. The stones processed so that the junction between the blocks can not enter the shaving blade. Continue reading
Gothic – a style that became the hallmark of the middle Ages. She was not the only style of the era, but only the last and perhaps the most spectacular. Called Gothic monuments of architecture of XII, XIII, XIV and XV and partially XVI centuries, in which most fully reflected the medieval mood and least of all reveals the influence of Greek and Roman art. Fantastic embellished lace thread stone spikes flew up and bloomed the precious radiance of the stained glass Windows throughout Catholic Europe since the XII century. France, England, Germany, Spain, Czech Republic and even Italy, the birthplace of the Renaissance, voznikoveniia her. But the leading role in the history of Gothic art, the former, above all, art architects, played, however, was France, England and Germany. France is the birthplace of the Gothic. England chose its national style, constantly going back to her forms, transforming them, but not forgetting. Germany, the romantics, has got the honor to return Gothic art from the darkness of oblivion, to reveal its beauty. Continue reading
Fatehpur Sikri is an ancient city of India, capital of the Mughal Empire. The city was the Mughal capital during the life of the founder of Fatehpur Sikri — Emperor Akbar.
The city of Fatehpur Sikri is one of the most mysterious cities in the world, because the purpose of many buildings of the capital of the Great moguls is not clear. In Fatehpur Sikri remained a wonderful example of Islamic architecture — the Friday mosque.
The city of Fatehpur Sikri — the capital of the Mughal Empire (1526 — 1858). The architecture of the capital city of Akbar. The ensemble is largely mysterious constructions of Fatehpur Sikri is 40 km from the city of Agra in India . The city of Fatehpur Sikri was founded in 1559 by the great Mughal Emperor Akbar (1542 – 1605), the ruler of the Mughal Empire from 1556, the New capital of Akbar, and the architecture of its buildings were supposed to implement the idea of creating a new society, in the spirit that rested on entered Akbar’s “divine faith” (the mixing of beliefs and practices gleaned in Islam, Hinduism and Jainism). This aspiration was embodied in the architecture, such as harem or Palace Jodh Bai . where is connected the Islamic and Indian, who came from the wooden architecture, traditions. Continue reading