The Gothic Cathedral of our lady of Tortosa
In Tortosa, in one of the hottest cities in Catalunya is the majestic Gothic Cathedral of our lady of Tortosa . built in 1347 on the basis of the Romanesque Church and during the conquest by the Arabs transformed into a mosque. Its vaults will save from the heat, and the interior will please the eye. Gothic cathedrals are always impressive in size, scope and subtle, complex, carefully finished work. Above the main altar is preserved from the year 1351 altarpiece made in the 15th century, Pedro Diaz of Oviedo. The master worked on it with 1487 1494 for years, along with Diego del Aguila and his disciples. The altarpiece has a rather complicated shape: there is a clearly expressed base, and already on it is a three-tier iconostasis. Complete altarpiece by pointed pinnacles. The most important image of this small altarpiece is the crucifixion at the center. On the sides of the Tondo are in the image of the heads of the apostles and angels.
Their faces are sad, they weep for Christ. With two sides from the base of the altarpiece are by the door, where on a landscape background depicts saints Peter and Paul. Tombstones, stone naves, columns, survived the war of the Spanish succession and the Iberian wars of the Napoleonic conquests, here is the historical Museum, where are exhibited the manuscripts with unique illustrations of the 10th century, and woven carpet 11 becausebecause “the creation”. Especially beautiful is the cloister of the Cathedral, which was restored in 2000. It contains valuable epigraphic and 6 hours of sun. Most of the people strolling along the stunning gallery, not even aware that beneath them is a spacious air-RAID shelter, built beneath the Cathedral in 1937.
There is a legend about this temple: one of the darkest nights of the year 1178, the local priest hurried to the service. Since this came not to the extent of a bona fide servant of God too early, in anticipation of colleagues sat near the altar. Suddenly the temple was a sea of light, and he saw a majestic female figure. Accompanied by angels, the woman went to the altar. Seeing the priest, the unexpected guest stated that she is the mother of God and in gratitude for the loyalty and devotion gives the city its miraculous belt. When the astonished servant of God came, the Church was dark and empty, only near the altar lay some thing, like a female belt. Since then kept this belt, sewn without a single knot, in the chapel of the Cathedral, and the Church was named after Saint Maria de La Cinta (the”Cinta” in Spanish just means “belt”). This belt not only helps to cure diseases, but also contributes to the easy resolution of the burden. Starting from 1629 every time comes the news that the Royal family expects replenishment, the belt of the virgin Mary solemnly sent to Madrid. Another relic kept in the Cathedral, — the head of “virgin Candida”. In a distant fourth century British king promised his daughter as wife to one noble Lord. He, as was customary in those days, kept the pagan rituals, but Ursula was a Christian. She tearfully asked her father to give her a grace period of three years, to make a pilgrimage to Rome. In the way along with it went ten pristine girlfriends. Voraxaze from Rome, they were captured by barbarians-the Huns, the people are still very backward. The Huns couldn’t believe in happiness, which they rolled: eleven virgins. They decided to do what barbarians usually do in this case with virgins. Ursula and her friends such a prospect did not like. Then enraged the barbarians who killed them. In the Cathedral of Tortosa with 1351 of the year was kept a relic — the head of one of the virgins named Candida. This is the legend.