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The term was coined in 1849 by the English Explorer A. H. in the book Cyclops Christianus. and in 1867 formally adopted at the Congress in Paris [1]. The term…

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The megaliths of Europe and Asia
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Fatehpur Sikri — the Mughal capital

Fatehpur Sikri is an ancient city of India, capital of the Mughal Empire. The city was the Mughal capital during the life of the founder of Fatehpur Sikri — Emperor Akbar.

The city of Fatehpur Sikri is one of the most mysterious cities in the world, because the purpose of many buildings of the capital of the Great moguls is not clear. In Fatehpur Sikri remained a wonderful example of Islamic architecture — the Friday mosque.

The city of Fatehpur Sikri — the capital of the Mughal Empire (1526 — 1858). The architecture of the capital city of Akbar. The ensemble is largely mysterious constructions of Fatehpur Sikri is 40 km from the city of Agra in India . The city of Fatehpur Sikri was founded in 1559 by the great Mughal Emperor Akbar (1542 – 1605), the ruler of the Mughal Empire from 1556, the New capital of Akbar, and the architecture of its buildings were supposed to implement the idea of creating a new society, in the spirit that rested on entered Akbar’s “divine faith” (the mixing of beliefs and practices gleaned in Islam, Hinduism and Jainism). This aspiration was embodied in the architecture, such as harem or Palace Jodh Bai . where is connected the Islamic and Indian, who came from the wooden architecture, traditions.

Friday mosque and the mausoleum of Salim Chishti in Fatehpur Sikri.The main building of the city – the Juma mosque (1571) . in the courtyard of which stands the white marble mausoleum of Sheikh Salim Chishti (1606). This building is almost completely enclosed by delicate marble walls with a subtle pattern where the motifs are played hexagons, octagons and mnogokonechnoy stars.

Mysterious constructions. The Panch Mahal in Fatehpur Sikri. About the purpose of many of the buildings of Fatehpur-Sikri, the researchers can not say anything definite. It is unknown for example what happened in “the house of Raja Birbal” . “Miriam’s house” or “house of the Turkish Sultan” . The same can be said about the Panch Mahal (1570) – a five-storey pyramidal building, consisting of the towering each other hypostyle halls, open on all sides. In the capital, there are also other structures conventionally called (because there is no proof of appointment) – the caravanserai, hospital, artisan quarter, market, stables .

Anup-Talao and the throne of Akbar in Fatehpur Sikri. A number of buildings of Fatehpur Sikri are directly related to the new state religion of Akbar, the rituals of which were built around the personality of the Emperor. Symbolic construction of the anup-Talao. This is surrounded by a square water platform, you can get thrown across the pond four stone bridges. Once in the center of the platform stood a throne of Akbar under the cloth canopy.

Diwani-Khas in Fatehpur Sikri. Diwani-Khas (hall for informal entertaining) compositionally resembles the anup-Talao. Diwani-Khas is a two – storey building. Pass the balcony of the second floor rests on consoles. The circular gallery of the hall is connected with four diagonal walkways to the throne on the platform, which is based on a beautifully decorated column.

With the death in 1605 of the founder of Fatehpur Sikri, Emperor Akbar life in the city never stopped. Now Fatehpur Sikri is a small town in India. In 1986, an ancient city of India, capital of the Mughal Empire, Fatehpur Sikri was among the world heritage sites of UNESCO.

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