The best sights of Vienna
Vienna – the Austrian capital, called the heart of Europe. This city attracts from the first sight of the grandeur of its squares, a truly luxurious palaces, an insane number of squares, parks, scenic, joyful, lively streets. It is impossible to clearly define, Vienna is an ancient city or modern, as it contains the notes of modernism and innovation that is infused with a hint of antiquity of former ages. From the first second of being here one is struck by the splendor, warm atmosphere, greatness, and is simply impossible to remain indifferent to this city.
The Hofburg Palace
This is really gorgeous Imperial Palace, which is located in the heart of Vienna. The Hofburg was the residence of the monarchy of the Habsburgs for over 600 years. Nowadays this building is the residence of the President of Austria.
The ancient Palace is composed of a complex of Imperial buildings, which were added in different eras new rulers, so the styles of architecture do not contain harmony. The first building was constructed in 1279, but there is evidence that suggests that this castle was built long before the Habsburgs. And in our time, the Palace can be described as a “city within the city”. Neidringhaus this residence is referred to as the Swiss courtyard. Named it so in honor of the Swiss guard which protected the Emperor.
In its long history, the Hofburg learned a great fire, and three large siege, but he still never ceases to delight our eyes with their existence. In the Palace there are more than 2,650 rooms, but despite this, the visitors can see not more than twenty.
The Belvedere Palace
The Belvedere Palace is a building of extraordinary beauty and splendor. It is surrounded by beautiful gardens and has a huge amount of various masterpieces of art. It consists of two magnificent mansion, designed in the Rococo style. Both buildings were built in the early 18th century and located opposite each other. Garden alleys are decorated with beautiful statues and vases. The garden has several levels, transitions between them are performed by means of ladders. There are also pools that confirms the enormity and richness of these territories. They are built on a slope above Vienna, which perfectly provides excellent views of the entire city. It is a beautiful Palace complex the capital of Austria. It was built for Prince Eugene of Savoy, who saved Vienna from the Turkish invasion, than saved the entire city from the domination of the Ottoman Empire.
In these palaces are the most famous galleries. Here the best masterpieces of Austrian art from the middle Ages to the present. This collection by artists such as Monet, Gustav Klimt, Renoir, Schiele. Works in Baroque and middle Ages can be seen in the lower Palace, where the majority of the rooms are preserved in original form.
To visit the House of Music, you need all day. This Museum is located on more than three floors of the Palace, which was built in the early 19th century, when it belonged to the Archduke Karl. In this house all the rooms are dedicated to the great composers who lived in Vienna, that Mozart, Haydn, Mahler and, of course, the waltz king Strauss. In the rooms you can find manuscripts and various musical samples.
Other exhibits of the Museum represent the evolution of sound, and here you can see detailed illustrations of the human ear. In the Museum you can find a variety of interactive computer games.
On the first floor of the building there is a cozy coffee shop, and the last is one of the most elegant restaurants in all of Vienna, the Cantina.
St. Stephen’s Cathedral
St. Stephen’s Cathedral was built in the 12th century, at the time, he was the center of the city. In 1258 in Vienna took place on the devastating fire, which has not spared and the Cathedral. In the early 14th century on the ruins of the Church that remained after the fire was built a new Gothic structure. In 1683 the Cathedral was again damaged, but after the siege of the Turks. Further, it was more or less peacetime, with no major damage. But in 1941, when Soviet bombing, the destruction continued. And at the end of world war II Vienna was badly damaged by Germany.
Finally, in 1948, the Cathedral was restored, and it was opened again. Nowadays, this Cathedral is one of the most Grand buildings throughout Europe.
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