Mount Qingcheng and the ancient waterworks in Dusseljee
Mount Qingcheng is located in the County guanxian faults, West of the administrative center of Sichuan province – Chengdu city. . Includes five beautiful mountains in China. The mountains stand with their backs to the snow covered mountain range and An face-to-plain Coinsi that in the Western part of Sichuan province. Damansar peak is the highest point, and the cave of the Tianshi (the”Senior Taoist”) – the heart of mount Qingcheng. The size of the mountain range is 120 sq. km.
In the mountains of Qingcheng, there are 36 peaks, 72 caves and 108 scenic spots. Beautiful majestic mountain peaks and natural scenery, covered with dense evergreen forest and bamboo thickets of the slopes.
Qingcheng mountains are the cradle of the Chinese religion of Taoism. In 143 ad, Zhang Tao Lin founded the first in the history of the Taoist monastery, turning from philosophical Taoism to religious doctrine. During the Tang dynasty (VII – X centuries) on the slopes of the mountain were placed at least 70 Taoist monasteries. At the beginning of the XX century they lived around 500 monks. The Communist authorities closed most of the monasteries, however, approximately one hundred of the hermits on the mountain continued age-old Taoist tradition. In the early 80-ies of XX century most of the monasteries were officially opened with the financial support of modern authorities.
Incensarios the churches located mostly in the dense forests on mountain slopes and near ravines, that appear before the eyes, then disappear. The material for them was given by the nature. The columns served as the pine trunks, the roof was covered with bark of trees, benches made of stumps, and the vine was for the decoration of premises. Thus they naturally grow in the surrounding landscape.
On the highest peak of the mountains is situated a ritual complex of the temple Santinho (“Holy”). Here worship the founder of Taoism Lao Tzu. Seniors from all over China come here to in the summer months to breathe fresh, cool mountain air, practicing Yang Sheng – Taoist methods of cultivating internal pills of immortality, who is known to us in the form of qigong and Taiji.
Dujiangyan (都江堰) is an ancient irrigation system, built in 256 BC (The period of warring kingdoms) in China’s Sichuan province near Chengdu, under the leadership of an official named Li Bin.
Dujiangyan is located at the foot of Wiley located in the Western part of the County guanxian faults of Sichuan province, which is the highest point in the North-West of Chengdu plain. Numerous tributaries merged into the river Minicpan in the basin of its upper reaches. Because of otrojenie river Minicpan there is a problem with the irrigation fields in the Eastern part of the plain, which restricted the development of local agriculture.
In the era of Fighting kingdoms Lee Bing – Shu king – taking care of people, travelled along the banks of Menssana, explored the landscape of the mountain area and the hydrography of the river. Around 250 BC, he organized the population of the Kingdom of Shu to work on the creation of the tunnel and the construction of watershed dams in the swift waters of Menssana, digging of channels on the plain and the abstraction of water for irrigation purposes. Thus, adverse natural conditions were used for the benefit of the population, and the Chengdu plain has turned into a real agricultural breadbasket.
Large complex Dujiangyan irrigation facilities is considered to be the original scientific object and indicates the break in the irrigation construction of ancient China in the course of which was taken by way of water diversion without the aid of a dam. Facilities are located at the nodal area of the plain. In the main complex consists of three structures: the watershed dam Tangshuiwei (“fish Mouth”), flood control channel Fasani (“Flying Sands”), drainage construction Bao Pinko (“the Neck of the magic bottle”). These structures, being closely associated with each other, interact in a single complex, limiting and regulating each other, together constitute a carefully planned and rationally placed hydrotechnical object that serves as irrigation, flood control and transport functions.
The complex of buildings Dujiangyan is a brilliant gem irrigation construction of ancient China. Despite its venerable age is more than 2200 years before the present as the people and irrigates about 5300 km2. the arable land.