RIDDLES OF THE STONE WALLS OF SACSAYHUAMAN
The lessons of history of the Ancient world an unforgettable impression on students producing a story about how the pyramids were built. For life memorized pattern, where the vast desert under the hot African sun slaves working feverishly, under the whips of slave drivers pulling multi-ton stone blocks for the giant tombs “of the living God” – Pharaoh.
Children’s heart fill with pity for the sufferers and hatred for their oppressors. But inquisitive mind, the question arises: did ancient people could cut down, process, deliver and lay such huge stone blocks? Have they had the appropriate technology and tools to do this?
Doubts emerged over the years grows into a confidence that the pyramids and other megalithic structures were built not as it describes the official historical science. Let’s try to show this on the example of the Peruvian temple complex of Sacsayhuaman.
Puzzles of the ancient masters
Temple fortress Sacsayhuaman is located in the South American Andes, near the Peruvian city of Cusco – the former capital of the Inca Empire. There are several variants of translation of this unpronounceable names with dialects of Quechua Indians: “satiated Falcon”, “the Royal eagle”, “satisfied hawk”, “marble head”…
Three zigzag walls arranged one above the other and bordering the hillside composed of huge stone blocks. The weight of the biggest of them is up to 350 tons, with a height of 8.5 meters. Moreover, looking at the wall, I immediately think of puzzles or a computer game “Tetris”.
The blocks are cut in such a way that one of them has a curly notch, but that should be combined with – the corresponding ledge. This was done to better grip the blocks and the stability of walls in an earthquake-prone region. Processed stone blocks and fitted together so carefully that the gap between them will not enter and a sheet of paper.
But what the giants have played this “computer game”? According to the officially accepted version, Sacsayhuaman built during the XV-XVI centuries. Began construction of the tenth Inka (Emperor) Tupac (Topa) Yupanqui Inca (1471-1493) or his father the ovalo Pachacutec Inca Yupanqui (1438-1471).
It lasted more than half a century and ended during the reign of Huayna (Vaina) Capac (1493-1525 years). Prevented the completion of construction of the civil wars that engulfed the country, and the conquest of the Inca Empire by the Spanish conquistadors.
In the sixteenth century Spanish poet and historian Garcilaso de La VEGA in his “History of the Inca state” described Sacsayhuaman as follows: “Its proportions it is impossible to imagine until you saw; seen up close and studied carefully, they make such an incredible impression that you start thinking whether its construction with a kind of witchcraft. I do not whether the creation is not people, but demons?
It is built of such huge stones in such numbers that immediately raises many questions: how the Indians managed to cut the stones, how they were transported, as gave them shape and put on each other with such precision? After all, they had no iron or steel, to kerf into the rock and shaping the stones, had neither carts nor oxen to transport. Actually in the whole world there are no carts and oxen, so large are these stones so rough and mountain roads…”
Battle of the gods
Today, many experts suggest that Sacsayhuaman and other monuments of Cuzco belong to an earlier period than the Inca culture. “Civilization in question, explains the proponent of the theory of paleokontakta writer Andrey Sklyarov, at least 10 thousand years.
About this there is much talk of Peruvian archaeologists and historians. The Inca just came at this place and saw the ruins. There are good units, good buildings, why not stay here.”
But what was this mysterious mighty civilization with the technologies that are far from our contemporaries? And where did she go?
In the mythology of almost all peoples of the world have legends about the battles of the gods. It is conceivable that many thousands of years ago the Earth existed a highly developed civilization with the technologies, which allowed to handle, transport and install the massive blocks.
It destroyed itself in world war II, which employed nuclear or even more powerful planetary weapon. The high temperatures suggest melting the stones of the fortress.
Close to Sacsayhuaman, there is a lake of regular shape. The Incas considered it sacred. The bottom is a perfect vortex, which could be formed at the site of a powerful explosion. Some of the rocks in the area also though torn by the explosion. Probably, this powerful fortress in ancient times has undergone a nuclear attack.
However, there is a exotic hypothesis that the ancient natives knew how to soften the surface of the stone to the consistency of clay, and then molded to give it the desired shape. But how could this be?
Say that supposedly in the Peruvian and Bolivian forests covering the slopes of the Andes lives a little bird, similar to the European Kingfisher. It only breeds on the cliffs, standing on the banks of mountain streams, in small, perfectly round holes.
The British army Colonel Percy Fawcett (1867 – 1925 presumably) leading topographical works in the Andes, found that these holes in the limestone, volcanic, or granite rocks do very birds.
Chosen a suitable rock, the bird clung to her. Then the leaf of the plant, which it holds in its beak, starting to RUB the surface of the stone in a circular motion until the sheet will not crumble. Then the bird flies over a new leaf and continues its slow work.
After 4-5 such flights and treatments cliff bird trying to peck rock, and… rock under the blows of its beak is beginning to crumble. Is not a very long time, and is formed in the rock round the hole where the bird can lay eggs and bring baby birds.
Colonel Fawcett published in England diaries results in the case about which he told the engineer, has long worked in the management of the mines of Cerro de Pasco in Peru. At the weekend the engineer together with a few Europeans and Americans went to inspect, but rather, to plunder, some ancient graves.
They also took the conductor, who was to dig the graves, and a few bottles of local alcoholic drink to maintain good spirits. The good spirit they are supported, but nothing worthwhile in the graves is found, with the exception of large clay sealed container.
When it opened, it was thick, dark, extremely unpleasant smelling liquid. Angered by the failure of the American tried to “treat” it with Windows Explorer. He began furiously to resist, refusing to drink.
During the fight the vessel shattered, its contents spilled on the stone, and struck the participants of the trip saw the liquid was gone and the stone was covered with some klinoobrazno putty. Liquid and stone, having United, have formed a paste, from which it was possible to mold like clay!
For example, the ancient Peruvians really know how to soften the stones. But it does not answer the question about what an incredible way huge blocks were transported to the construction site.
But if it’s concrete?
And can be, and there were no multi-ton boulders, which, overstraining, were pulled by hordes of slaves? The walls are not of granite, as believed by many researchers, and a local type of limestone. It argues, for example, Alex cruiser in the article “on the origin of the material of the blocks composing the walls of the fortress Sacsayhuaman in Cusco (Peru)”.
Limestone is the main raw material to produce cement. Incidentally the secret of making this building material was known to the inhabitants of Mesopotamia in approximately 2500 BC, and ancient Egyptians and Romans. So why would ancient Peruvians not to make the cement by mixing calcined, and then crushed limestone with certain additives?
And the next stage is the production of concrete, which, solidifying, acquired the strength of the stone and did not differ from him in appearance. And it is not necessary to carry the massive blocks. Enough to make the formwork of the desired shape and pour concrete into it “porridge”. And on the block to install the new formwork. And so, layer by layer, to build a wall
By the way, the infamous creators of “New chronology” academician Anatoly Fomenko and Gleb Nosovsky argued that this way – of concrete blocks – and created the Egyptian pyramids in Giza valley. And it seems that, unlike some of their very questionable ideas, this version is not devoid of common sense.
Such construction does not require an army of slaves or laser peel or aircraft through the air carrying huge blocks. Assume that this hypothesis is too simple to be true. It is easy to believe in something big. But all genius is simple!