THE WHEEL OF GIANTS: THE MYSTERIOUS RUJM EL-HIRI
Located in sight, but don’t notice for centuries, the megaliths at the sea of Galilee plunged experts in confusion. Ancient monument consisting of huge stone circles, Dating to the early bronze age, remains a mystery to this day. Nobody knows who and why built these stone rings.
Ancient ruins, located in the Golan heights (a disputed region, claimed by both Israel and Syria) represent a rotate figure with huge, piled in a heap of stones is supposedly 40 thousand tons of black basalt forming at least five concentric rings, with the Central burial Cairn in the centre.
In Arabic, the object is called Rujm El-Hiri — a “pile of stones wild cats”. In Hebrew the wheel is called Gilgal-Rephaim or “wheel of giants”. The mention of the race of giants in the Bible — the giant, suggests that composite the monument was built. Rujm El-Hiri has such huge size that it can build only giant creatures.
Rujm El-Hiri is called the “Stonehenge of the Levant”. The estimated age of construction — approximately 5000 years old. Dating back to the second period of the early bronze age (3000-2700 BC), it is considered to be the same age as the prehistoric monument Stonehenge in the UK.
According to Reuters, at ground level it looks like a pile of stones from the crumbled walls. Hundreds of dolmens (layers of rocks), scattered over a vast area of this place, and therefore only aerial archaeological research in the late 1960-ies, finally, revealed full figure from the air, because from the earth it is impossible to detect a huge concentric circle.
Excavations have shown that it is one of the largest and very ancient structure in the region.
In a large burial site found body
The Central burial chamber is surrounded by from five to nine large circular rings, the largest of which has size of more than 500 feet (152 meters) wide and reaches from three to eight feet (one to 2.5 meters) tall, according to About Education. Not all rings are solid, and some of them are connected by short walls, forming “spokes” in the great wheel. Walls of uniform thickness 10,5-10,8 ft (3.2 m-3.3 m).
It is unknown whether the burial Cairn in the centre of this prehistoric megalith at the same time as the initial ring. A pile of stones in the centre has approximately 15 to 16 feet (five meters) tall and 65-80 feet (20-25 meters) in diameter.
The ancient age and the looting of Rujm El-Hiri had left little precious artifacts. Robbers dropped one pin of the Neolithic period. It is believed that the Central Cairn was able to contain jewelry and weapons. Excavation of the walled chambers found no artifacts, indicating that these spaces are not used as storage or living quarters.
To determine the age of the radiocarbon analysis could not be applied, because this place never found prehistoric material of organic nature.
The dark entrance of the burial chamber, discovered in the center of the megalithic sites.
Expert on megalithic tombs from the Israeli Department of antiquities URI Berger notes: “This mysterious place. We have bits of information and not the complete picture. Come scientists, this place brings them in amazement, and they begin to invent their own theories,” reports Haaretz.
A view inside the burial chamber
According to archaeologists, this place was not used as a dwelling or a defensive construction, but beyond that, the consensus about its purpose or function they do not. Nothing like this building in the middle East not found.
One theory explaining the purpose of this place is that it astrological calendar. According to URI Berger, in the June and December solstice sunrise coincides with the holes in the stones. Some researchers believe that as long as the centre has not established a burial structure, and it will not block access to the sun’s rays on special days, this monument was used for ritual or astrological worship of the sun.
Although in the centre of the wheel there is a tomb inside it and found no human remains. According to the information of Popular Archaeology, Professor of religion and philosophy at the University of Nebraska’s Dr. Rami Harav suggested that the funeral included excarnation — that is, “liberation from the flesh” with the help of birds and animals. Then, local residents gathered the remains and put in bone boxes.
Another mystery — who built Rujm El-Hiri? Construction has been carried out is very time consuming. It is expected that the construction of a huge monument took more than 25 thousand working days. This resource of the nomadic civilization could not have — the extraction and transportation of stone required infrastructure, Reuters reports.
Archaeologists have not yet come to a consensus about Rujm El-Hiri is one of the most unique and inexplicable sights of this region.