Amiens Cathedral at sunset of civilization
The Cathedral, whose construction began in the XIII century, rises above the city like a giant still a great testimony of Christian civilization and of tremendously hard work invested by several generations of zealous Catholics-the French. In Amiens Cathedral for centuries kept the greatest Christian Shrine — the venerable head of John the Baptist. The Shrine was brought from Byzantium by the crusaders.
Over old Amiens rises the majestic Cathedral.
Russian pilgrims this point on the map — Amiens — is becoming better known, groups of pilgrims visit Amiens along with Paris and Tours. However, in February we saw the picture of oblivion, sunset of previous powerful civilization. Unfortunately, to venerate the Shrine of the failed, we were almost the only visitors. And because some of us do not have to open access to a great relic. Could we be applied only to the particle of the precious head of John the Baptist, which is always open access. And for this favour I thank God and Saint John the Baptist!
It is characteristic that the only visitor apart from us giant Cathedral, the Frenchman simply did not know that here, in Amiens, is such a great Shrine. It was very symbolic — a gigantic light Cathedral, floor labyrinth, incomprehensible to his contemporaries, and three tiny lone figures of modern people, including two foreigners from Russia. We felt like some ancient elven hobbits in the land of long gone residents, leaving behind a huge strange statues and buildings.
Interestingly, many huge cathedrals of Northern France and Spain standing on the ancient pilgrim way of St. James in Santiago de Compostella. Now these pedestrian routes (marine, Portuguese, French, etc.) become popular in Russia. In Paris the procession started from the Church of St. James on the Rue de Rivoli, now the tower of Saint Jacques. The dilapidated temple of revolutionaries (they were not only here in France, too, was a bloody atheist revolution) , but the tower was retained to lead it with meteorological observations.
Venerable head of John the Baptist.
The economic situation in Picardy adverse, crisis and closure are undergoing many traditional production. The Paris train on Friday night is full of students from the local University named after Jules Verne travel to the capital, mostly on a part-time job.
Born in Amiens is known to all from childhood, Jules Verne and less famous writer Choderlos de Laclos, the author of the novel “Dangerous liaisons”. Near the Belgium town of Ypres (the site of the world’s first gas attack during the First world war, hence the name gas — mustard gas) , and the valley of the river Somme, forever associated with the bloody battles of the First world war. Memorial cemetery in the spring blossom into millions of red poppies.
Amiens Cathedral impresses with its grandeur and rich decoration, the slender nave and painted wooden bas-reliefs depicting, in particular, the life of St. Fermina and other local saints. On the floor — black and white pattern-maze: in the middle ages the pilgrims overcame all this maze on her knees. Strict Gothic columns combined with Baroque decorations. Among them — the angel, the symbol of loss and hope of the First world war.
This beautiful temple deserves hour train ride from the bustle of Paris. He suggests many reflections, makes another look back at European history and to reflect on the core — Christianity.
Weeping angel — the symbol of the human victims of the First world war.
Decapitated by order of Herod the venerable head of John the Baptist was buried Saint Joan, the wife of Herod’s steward in the Mall, on the mount of olives. When the Holy Emperor Constantine, the head was uncovered and 452 of the year was kept in the temple in the name of John the Baptist in the Syrian city of Emesa (modern HOMS) . After some time, the venerable head of John the Baptist was taken to Constantinople, where he was temporary until the reign of the Iconoclast heresy. Pious Christians, leaving Constantinople, had secretly carried with him the head of John the Baptist and hid it in Comana (on the territory of modern Abkhazia) .
After the approval of Orthodoxy at the Council of Constantinople in 842 years, the venerable head was returned to the Byzantine capital for about 850 years. This event the Church celebrates as the Third finding
The head of John the Baptist June 7/may 25.
On the floor of Amiens Cathedral depicts a mysterious labyrinth.
In 1204 the capital of the Byzantine Empire was conquered by the crusaders. According to Western tradition, the Canon Vallon de as Sarton found in the ruins of one of the palaces of Constantinople the box, which was a silver dish. The inscription on the plate read that here lies the Venerable Head of John the Baptist. On a plate under a glass cover were hidden the remains of a human face, not only had lower jaw. Over my left eyebrow was visible a small hole probably pierced with a dagger. According to legend, Herodias, in a fit of anger stabbed with a dagger on the severed head of St. John. Vallon de as Sarton brought the head of Saint John the Baptist in Picardy, Northern France.
On December 17, 1206, Catholic Bishop of Amiens Richard Gebarowski solemnly met the Holy relics of John the Baptist at the gates of the city. Since that time the reverence for the head of Saint John in Amiens.
After world war II, scientists have thoroughly researched the sanctuary and found that Chapter really belongs to the man aged about 30 years, a Semitic type, who lived in the Mediterranean region in the first century after Christ.
In addition to the front of the head of John the Baptist, which is kept in Amiens, know the location of even a few particles of the precious head of. That they have kept a particle of the precious head of the Baptist of the Lord, and declare the Umayyad mosque in Damascus, and Turkish Antioch, and one of the monasteries of the Armenian Apostolic Church in Nagorno Karabakh.