The Falsterbo Lighthouse
Falsterbo lighthouse is one of the oldest and most famous lighthouses in Scandinavia. To the South-East of it is the best sandy beach of Sweden and surrounding the lighthouse, a famous Golf course. The sea route past the Falsterbo was always full of dangers. The seabed in these areas is extremely insidious, hidden under water an incredible number of sandbanks that have repeatedly destroyed the ships. As Falsterbo at the time was the center of trade from all over the world, so the dozens of ships moored in its harbour.
When sailors began to trade cancel flights because of catch shipwreck, there is a need for the lighthouse. First, in the XIII century, German monks built on the coast some semblance of a signal tower. But these were only primitive fires. Later, in 1630, the lighthouse was improved. Iron baskets filled with burning coals began to rise up to powerful special ropes, and then lower down. Moving the light source stand and the sailors had saved their lives.
Still remind us of fossilized coal small mounds remaining on the site of the signal fire. By the end of the eighteenth century, the lights began to burn closer to the new shoreline, where actually built a modern Falsterbo lighthouse. In 1842-1843, the upper landing of the lookout tower put a real lantern, coal was replaced by rapeseed oil. The oil is flammable and very dangerous, so the caretaker had to watch the burning fire all night without a break and rest.
First, near the tower built a house for the Keeper, but then it became obvious that we need helpers around and gradually appeared a small village. So all and lived near the lighthouse for almost 100 years. Then, when the era of technological progress and the wax and gas come electricity, enough became just one person and surroundings of the lighthouse were deserted. In 1972, the lighthouse is fully automated and the last Keeper retired. The height of the lighthouse is 25 meters, width 12 meters.
To date, it is absolutely no use with a navigational point of view, therefore, at first the light was a bit noticeable (rather symbolically), and in 1993 it finally turned off. But the Falsterbo lighthouse alive. It is one of the largest Swedish weather stations and every three hours data on the direction and strength of wind, air temperature, atmospheric pressure, visibility is transferred to the meteorological Institute. Next to the lighthouse Observatory, where staff are watching the birds.
Falsterbo is the largest in Europe, the place where migration routes of birds. Several million birds stop to rest here when you’re in Africa or southern Europe. Each year, local ornithologists catch of about 25 000 small birds and ring them. Every year on the last Sunday of August in Falsterbo spend a “Day beacon”. During this period, the lighthouse is open to tourists. Visitors have the rare opportunity not only to explore the lighthouse itself, but also to visit the weather station and be present during the catching of birds and even to wear them on the foot ring.