The Gothic interior.
Gothic – the next stage in the development of medieval art, second pan-European style. The term “Gothic” coined by Italian humanists to denote everything that is not related to classic, antique designs, that is, in their opinion, ugly associated with complete barbarism (Goths – “barbarian” Germanic tribe).
The Gothic style . prevailed in Western Europe in the XIII – XIV centuries became the Supreme artistic synthesis of the middle ages.
A leading art form in the Gothic remained the architecture, and its highest achievement was the construction of city cathedrals, causing a feeling of lightness, especially lightness and spirituality. In contrast to the Romanesque Gothic Cathedral – city building, soaring, dominant over the whole urban development.
The transition from Romanesque to Gothic in European architecture was marked by a number of technological innovations and new stylistic elements. It was believed that at the core of the changes was the introduction of pointed arches, which form underlined the aspiration of the whole building up, its appearance was associated with Arab influence.
In Gothic architecture was applied to the basilican type of Church. At the core of the buildings of the Gothic period was new vault design with stable frame system. The Central nave of a Gothic Cathedral was usually higher side, and castingsce took the flying buttresses – special arches that connected the base of the vault of the Central nave with buttresses ( special retaining columns) side. This design, which significantly lighten the structure and to maximize interior space of the building, almost removing the wall.
An important detail of the Gothic building – huge Windows that seem to have replaced the walls and took support intervals. The Windows were decorated with stained-glass Windows . All the interior space through the stained glass, was full of light, painted in different colors.
Outside the Gothic buildings are usually two towers on the facade, and between them a large round window, the so-called “Gothic rose”.
The feeling of lightness was emphasized and internal décor . The smooth surface of the wall disappeared, and the arches cut a network of ribs; wherever possible, the wall displacing with Windows, was dismembered niches or arches.
Pieces of furniture of the Gothic period were rather heavy and clumsy, they usually sat along the walls. On the cabinets, beds . the chairs met the various elements of Church architecture.
Later on the wood products started to be used geometrically exact ornament. quite bizarre and pretentious.
Products furniture roots go back to a Church setting. The furniture is decorated tracery, vegetative ornament, ribbon plaiting. A characteristic feature of this period – stylized carved ornament, presented on the articles of furniture in the form of a scroll engraved leather or imitation fabric texture, laid fancy folds.
One of the main types of furniture – chest . performs a variety of functions. Chests made from different types of wood and were decorated with sculpted stuccos, rich metallic accents.
They were widely used benches . They were the most diverse types, for example, to the lower part, like the chest, high back.
The bed in the Gothic style was fitted with a canopy, and in European countries with milder climate it was replaced by a wooden structure, decorated with carvings, panels and trim different colors.